Biodiesel Standards
         
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Company Information   Engine manufacturers and biodiesel plants in different parts of the world use slightly different standards for biodiesel. Virtually all modern diesel engines warranties permit the use of biodiesel provided it meets certain specifications.   General information
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Biodiesel Standards
EUROPE
USA
PETROLEUM DIESEL
Specification  
EN 14214:2008
ASTM D 6751-07b
EN 590:1999
Applies to   FAME FAAE Diesel
Density 15°C g/cm³ 0.86-0.90   0.82-0.845
Viscosity 40°C mm²/s 3.5-5.0 1.9-6.0 2.0-4.5
Distillation % @ °C 90%,360°C 85%,350°C - 95%,360°C
Flashpoint (Fp) °C 101 min 93 min 55 min
CFPP °C * country specific * country specific
Cloud point °C * report
Sulphur mg/kg 10 max 15 max 350 max
CCR 100% %mass 0.05 max
Carbon residue (10%dist.residue) %mass 0.3 max 0.3 max
Sulphated ash %mass 0.02 max 0.02 max
Oxid ash %mass 0.1 max
Water mg/kg 500 max 500 max 200 max
Total contamination mg/kg 24 max 24 max
Cu corrosion max 3h/50°C 1 3 1
Oxidation stability hrs;110°C 6 hours min 3 hours min N/A (25 g/m3)
Cetane number 51 min 47 min 51 min
Acid value mgKOH /g 0.5 max 0.5 max
Methanol %mass 0.20 max 0.2 max or Fp <130°C
Ester content %mass 96.5 min
Monoglyceride %mass 0.8 max
Diglyceride %mass 0.2 max
Triglyceride %mass 0.2 max
Free glycerol %mass 0.02 max 0.02 max
Total glycerol %mass 0.25 max 0.24 max
Iodine value 120 max
Linolenic acid ME %mass 12 max
C(x:4) & greater unsaturated esters %mass 1 max
Phosphorus mg/kg 4 max 10 max
Alkalinity mg/kg
Gp I metals (Na,K) mg/kg 5 max 5 max
GpII metals (Ca,Mg) mg/kg 5 max 5 max
PAHs %mass 11 max
Lubricity / wear µm at 60°C 460 max
EUROPE
USA
PETROLEUM DIESEL

 

Country Specific CFPP requirements according to various national versions of EN 14214 Standard Season Dates of season Max CFPP (°C)
United Kingdom BS EN 14214

Summer

16th March - 15th November inclusive -5°C
Winter 16th November - 15th March inclusive -15°C
Austria ÍNORM EN 14214

Summer

1st April - 30th September +5°C
Winter 1st October - 28th February -20°C
Spring 1st March - 31st March -15°C
Estonia EVS EN 14214

Summer

1st May - 30th September -5°C
Winter 1st December - 29th February -26°C
France NF EN 14214

Summer

1st April - 31st October 0°C
Winter 1st November - 31st March -15°C
Germany DIN EN 14214

Summer

15th April - 30th September 0°C
Winter 16th November - 28th February -20°C
Spring 1st March - 14th April -10°C
Autumn 1st October - 15th November -10°C
Greece ELOT EN 14214 Summer 1st April to 30th September +5°C
Winter 1st October to 31st March -5°C
Ireland IS EN 14214

Summer

16th March - 21st October -5°C
Winter 22nd October - 15th March -15°C
Italy UNI EN 14214

Summer

March 16th - November 14th 0°C
Winter November 15th - March 15th -10°C
Netherlands NEN EN 14214

Summer

1st May - 30th September 0°C
Winter 1st December - 29th February -15°C
Rest of year   -5°C
Portugal NP EN 14214

Summer

1st April - 14th October 0°C
Winter 1st December - 28/29th February -10°C
Spring 1st March - 31st March -5°C
Spain UNE EN 14214

Summer

1st April - 30th September 0°C
Winter 1st October - 31st March -10°C
 
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